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Lord Richard Attenborough (1923 -- 2014)

Richard Samuel Attenborough was born on 29 August 1923 in Cambridge and had a career spanning 70 years.

At 17 he won a scholarship to RADA and moved to London. It was while at RADA that he met his wife Sheila Sim with which he had three children.

After numerous theatre roles his breakthrough film role came as 'Pinkie' Brown in Brighton Rock (1947). More iconic roles and award wins followed;  The Angry Silence (1960), The Great Escape (1963), Guns at Batasi (1964) winning a BAFTA for Best British Actor, The Flight of the Phoenix (1965), The Sand Pebbles (1966) winning a Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor, Jurassic Park (1993),  The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997), Miracle on 34th Street (1994) .

As well as acting Attenborough took on the challenge of directing and made his directorial debut with Oh! What a Lovely War (1969).  He also directed numerous iconic films including; A Bridge Too Far (1977) winning four BAFTAs, Ganhdi(1982) winning five Oscars and five BAFTAs alongside many other awards, Cry Freedom (1987) Chaplin (1992), Shadowlands (1993).

Attenborough was a champion of British Film and in 1969 was appointed Chairman of the British Academy Films and Television Arts which he remained on for over 30 years. In 1971 Attenborough proposed the introduction of a BAFTA fellowship and was himself awarded a BAFTA fellowship in 1983. He was Chairman of RADA for thirty years afterwards becoming its president. He also was Chairman of the British Film Institute and President of the British Screen Advisory Council.

He was knighted in 1976 and made a life peer in 1993.

Richard Attenborough died on 24 August 2014.